ONKOLOJİDE SEMPTOM YÖNETİMİNDE KULLANILAN KANIT TEMELLİ TAMAMLAYICI YÖNTEMLER VE ETKİLERİ

Özlem Ovayolu, Nimet Ovayolu
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Öz


Kanser tanısı alan hastalar hastalık süreci ile birlikte tedaviden kaynaklanan semptomlarla oldukça sık karşılaşmaktadır. Bu semptomlar hastaların yaşam kalitesini olumsuz etkileyerek, tedavi sürecinin de kesintiye uğramasına yol açmaktadır. Hastaların bu semptomları çözmek için tıbbi tedavinin yanı sıra tamamlayıcı yöntemlere de sıklıkla başvurdukları bilinmektedir. Tamamlayıcı tedaviler, konvansiyonel tedaviye destek vermek amacıyla başvurulan yöntemlerdir. Bu yöntemlerin tercih edilmesindeki temel amaç yaşam kalitesini yükseltmek ve semptomları azaltmaktır. Ancak bu yöntemlerin amacına ulaşabilmesinde sağlık ekibi üyelerinin bu uygulamalardan haberdar olması, hastaların zarar görmesinin ve suistimale uğramasının engellenmesi ve tamamlayıcı yöntemlerden kanıta dayalı olanların tercih edilmesi konusunda hastalara rehberlik yapılması son derece önemlidir.

Patients diagnosed with cancer frequently experience treatment-related symptoms in the course of their diseases. These symptoms adversely affect patients' quality of life, leading to interruptions in the treatment process. Patients are known to often resort to supplementary methods alongside the medical treatment to resolve such symptoms. Supplementary methods are methods used for supporting the conventional treatment. The main objective in preferring these methods is to raise quality of life and reduce symptoms. However, in order for these methods to serve their purposes, it is of utmost importance that the members of healthcare staff are made aware of such practices, patients are prevented from being harmed or abused, and patients are guided to prefer evidence-based ones of these supplementary methods.


Anahtar kelimeler


Onkoloji; semptom; tamamlayıcı yöntemler; kanıta dayalı uygulamalar

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Referanslar


KAYNAKLAR

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